New York officials warned on Monday that the coronavirus was likely to spread in New York City, a day after confirming that a Manhattan woman had contracted the virus while traveling in Iran and was now isolated in her home.
“Community spread is going to be real,” Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo said at a news conference, alongside Mayor Bill de Blasio. “That is inevitable.”
The patient, the city’s first confirmed case, has respiratory symptoms but is not in serious condition, the governor added.
She returned from Iran on Tuesday with her husband and was tested after going to Mount Sinai Hospital in Manhattan on Saturday with mild respiratory symptoms; she has been staying at home, Mr. Cuomo said, and it was assumed that her husband was also infected.
The governor and mayor both pleaded for residents to remain calm, noting that the disease, which emerged in China in December and has recently spread to every continent except Antarctica, produces only mild symptoms in many people. Early estimates of the death rate had been around 2 percent, although that number could fall. On average, the seasonal flu strain kills about 0.1 percent of people who become infected.
“The facts defeat fear,” the governor said.
Still, the news that the coronavirus had landed in Manhattan was sure to raise the level of anxiety across this dense city, where people spend their days in close quarters.
By rush hour on Monday morning, every cough or sneeze on the subway sounded a little louder and closer than it did last week. A few people wore surgical masks; one woman held the end of a paisley scarf to her mouth and nose.
Appearing on “CBS This Morning” earlier on Monday, Mr. Cuomo said the city’s first patient was a 39-year-old health care worker, so “she knew to take precautions and stay in a controlled situation.” He added that she had not used public transportation since returning to New York.
New York City’s health commissioner, Oxiris Barbot, said on Sunday that the agency had already identified “close contacts of the patient” who may have been exposed to the illness, officially known as Covid-19.
“Our disease detectives have already identified close contacts of the patient, who may have been exposed, and will take appropriate measures to prevent the spread of Covid-19,” Dr. Barbot said. “Despite this development, New Yorkers remain at low risk”
For weeks, the city has been bracing for the virus’s arrival, as it spread across much of the world.
At Costco in Brooklyn, people were stocking up on bottled water, Clorox wipes, cold medicine and cans of food, anxious for the days and weeks ahead.
By this weekend, several stores in the city had run out of sanitary supplies such as hand sanitizer, masks and antibacterial wipes. Some people had tried three or four stores in search of hand sanitizer, before admitting defeat. Boxes of surgical masks that sold last month for $20 were now going for $75 at one grocery store in Chinatown in Manhattan.
Mr. Cuomo said the state would institute new cleaning protocols in crowded public places like schools and busses. “If it smells like bleach when you get on a bus or when a child goes to school, it is not bad cologne,” he said. “It is bleach.”
The governor said he did not believe the woman was contagious when she was flying from Iran to New York, nor when she took a private car home from the airport.
“But out of an abundance of caution, we’ll be contacting people who were on the flight with her from Iran to New York and the driver for that car service,” Mr. Cuomo said, though he did not have the specific details of which flight she took.
He said the public health system was focused on reducing the spread of the virus, but suggested that eliminating it in New York was likely to prove impossible in the short term.
“That’s all this is about, reducing the spread, not eliminating the spread,” Mr. Cuomo said.
More than 80 people in the United States have been confirmed through laboratory testing to have the coronavirus. Many had been passengers on a cruise ship ravaged by the virus or had been infected in China and then returned to the United States.
But there have also been several confirmed cases of person-to-person spread in the United States. And researchers say that in Washington State, the virus may have been spreading for weeks, largely undetected, and that hundreds of people may have possibly been infected. Two people in Washington have died after falling ill with the coronavirus.
The new virus is believed to have originated in the Chinese city of Wuhan late last year before spreading to more than 50 other countries. More than 86,000 people have been infected, and more than 2,800 have died. New hubs of transmission have emerged in Italy, South Korea and Iran.
Iran, the epicenter of the outbreak in the Middle East, has confirmed at least 987 cases, state news media reported. At least seven Iranian officials have been infected, including a Health Ministry deputy who was leading the coronavirus response.
Over the last month, there have been obstacles to widespread testing that may have limited the ability of the authorities to detect cases. Until this weekend, New York State health authorities could not test patients locally and had to send samples to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Because of the C.D.C.’s narrow criteria on who was eligible for testing, the number of people tested was quite limited.
In addition to faster turnaround, New York’s health authorities now have more control over who is tested, which could lead to far wider testing than has occurred so far.
Mr. Cuomo said on Monday that he hoped to soon be able to test 1,000 samples a day.
Over the previous month, only nine people in New York City had samples sent to the C.D.C. for testing, and all were found not to have the virus. But testing procedures changed over the weekend, when the state’s public health laboratory in Albany, Wadsworth Center, began administering coronavirus tests after receiving permission from the federal government.
Reporting was contributed by Jeffery C. Mays, Aaron Randle, Andrea Salcedo, Nate Schweber and Anjali Tsui.